The 2017 Power List - ENIGMA

The 2017 Power List

It’s still harder than ever to determine the people with the biggest influence in the enigma that is today’s Egypt. Nonetheless, we have once again attempted to prepare our annual Power List, to the best of our ability. Despite the obvious difficulties due to the paucity of reliable information in the public sphere, here’s our take on the who’s who of society’s most powerful personalities. From government officials to industrial tycoons, to prominent Egyptians outside Egypt, this is a guide to the Egyptian figures that run the govern- ment, power our businesses and shape our country

GOVERNMENT POWER

SHERIF ISMAIL
Prime Minister

Sherif Ismail, Egypt’s former minister of petroleum, was appointed as Prime Minister in September 2015. As the second most powerful political figure in the country, Ismail initially kept a low profile, but he now seems more comfort- able in this position and has become a more effective politician. His signature achievement to date has been overseeing the implementation of Egypt’s ambitious economic reform program. The program began in 2016 and resulted in 4.2% GDP growth in the fiscal year 2016/17; despite the many challenges the country faced.

SEDKY SOBHY
Minister of Defence

Sedky Sobhy became the Minister of Defence in March 2014 after Abdel Fattah El-Sisi resigned to become president. He also heads the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces and is tasked with strengthening the na- tion’s military and protecting the country from terrorism.

SAMEH SHOUKRY
Minister of Foreign Affairs

A career diplomat whose last ambas- sadorial posting was in the United States, Sameh Shoukry was appointed Egypt’s Minister of Foreign Affairs in June 2014. Since then, Shoukry had to delicately mend relations with other countries in the midst of the country’s continuous socio-economic troubles. While normally taking a low-key pos- ture with a calm demeanor, he recently had a vocal confrontation in the Arab League with the Qatari Minister of State, signaling a new more aggressive posture as Minister of Foreign Affairs.

AMR EL GARHY
Minister of Finance

Prior to his appointment as Min- ister of Finance in March 2016 to help solve the country’s financial crisis, Amr El Garhy was the Man- aging Director of Citadel Capital Holding. As Minister of finance, he is credited with successfully con- cluding and implementing Egypt’s agreement with the IMF, based on an ambitious Egyptian fiscal reform program that aims to reduce the government’s large budget deficit through raising government rev- enue and reducing subsidies.

SAHAR NASR
Minister of Investment and International Cooperation

A former adjunct professor of Econom- ics at the American University in Cairo and a former World Bank official, Dr. Sahar Nasr was appointed Minister of International Cooperation in Septem- ber 2015. The Investment Ministry was added to her portfolio in February 2017. She has been very effective in contracting billions of foreign currency loans, which have raised Egypt’s foreign currency re- serves. Yet the loans have also elicited much criticism for excessively increasing the country’s foreign debt burden.

HALA EL SAID
Minister of Planning and Administrative Development

Prior to her appointment as Minister of Planning and Administrative Devel- opment in February 2017, Dr. Hala El Said was Professor of Economics and the Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Political Science at Cairo Univer- sity. She had earlier been the Execu- tive director of the Egyptian Banking Institute from 2003 to 2011. She is credited with co-authoring Egypt’s 2030 Economic Strategy with the for- mer Minister of Planning, Dr. Ashraf El Araby.

TAREK KABIL
Minister of Commerce and Industry

Previously a partner in Abraaj Group and the president of PepsiCo international for Middle East and Africa, Tarek Kabil was appointed as Minister of Commerce and Industry in 2015. As minister he has for- mulated the Industry and Trade Develop- ment Strategy for 2016-2020. The strategy includes five pillars: industrial develop- ment; micro, small and medium enter- prises and entrepreneurship development; exports development; upgrade of technical and vocational education and training; and governance and institutional development.

MOSTAFA MADBOULY
Minister of Housing Utilities & Urban Communities

Mostafa Madbouly was appointed Minister of Housing in February 2014, after being the Regional Direc- tor for the UN HABITAT Regional Office for the Arab States for two years. He previously held several senior posts in the ministry and as minister is credited with implement- ing an ambitious program of low income housing developments in Cairo, Alexandria and Upper Egypt.

GHADA WALI
Minister of Social Solidarity

Previously Secretary General of the Social Fund for Development, and a career UNDP official, Ghada Wali was appointed minister in March 2014. She has been instrumental in the government’s move to cash subsi- dies long in the making and is current- ly actively expanding the social pro- grams that benefit the poorest families in Egypt. The most notable program being ‘Tadamon’ and ‘Takafol’ which provide coverage for over 1.5 million Egyptian families today.

TAREK AMER
Governor of the Central Bank

Appointed Governor of the Central Bank of Egypt in 2015, Tarek Amer oversees Egypt’s banking sector and is responsible for the country’s monetary policy. He has been praised for freeing Egypt’s exchange rate, even though it has led to a period of very high infla- tion, causing hardship for the lower and middle classes. He is implementing an ambitious strategy to expand financial inclusion by merging the large informal sector into the formal economy to en- hance growth and achieve an equitable distribution of economic gains.

HISHAM EL SHERIF
Minister of Local Development

A leading businessman and an authority on Information and Knowledge Society, Dr. Hisham El Sherif graduated from Egypt’s Military Technical College with a degree in electronic engineering and received a PhD in Decision Support Systems from the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- ogy. He founded the Egyptian Cabinet’s Information and Decision Support Center (IDSC) think tank in 1990 and headed it until 1999. In February 2017, he was ap- pointed Minister of Local Development, tasked with promoting economic develop- ment in the various governorates of Egypt.

TAREK SHAWKY
Minister of education

Dr. Tarek Shawky, a university pro- fessor of mechanical engineering, be- came Minister of Education in 2017. He was head of the President’s Ad- visory council, tasked with leading national efforts towards building an ‘Egyptian Learning Society’ and man- aging grand projects to prepare young leaders, train thousands of teachers and to establish the ‘Egyptian Knowl- edge Bank’. He is currently in the process of planning and implement- ing a major overhaul of Egypt’s edu- cation system over the coming years.

ALI MOSELHI
Minister of Supply and Internal trade

Dr. Ali Moselhi graduated from the Mili- tary Technical College and received a PhD in microchip design from France’s Ecole Polytechnique. A past Minister of Social Solidarity and a past member of the current parliament, who headed its Economic Committee, Moselhi was ap- pointed Minister of Supply and Internal Trade in February 2017. This was a new ministry resulting from the merger of the supply ministry with the internal trade portfolio, taken from the former trade and industry ministry.

KAMEL EL WAZIR
Head of the Egyptian Armed Forces engineering Department

Major General Eng. Kamel el Wazir, is the point man in practically all of the government’s major infrastructure projects, including the new Suez Canal, which was completed in record time, as well as the building of the huge tun- nels under the Suez Canal and the Rod El Farag Axis Road. He is also respon- sible for the ongoing work on the New Administrative Capital.

THE BUSINESS LEADERS

NASSEF SAWIRIS
Ceo of orascom Construction Industries

Nassef Sawiris, Egypt’s richest busi- nessman, heads Orascom Construction Industries, one of the largest nitrogen fertiliser producers in the world. Sawiris split the company into two entities in 2015. Orascom Construction now trades on Egypt’s exchange and Nas- daq Dubai, while OCI, the fertiliser and chemicals business, trades on the Euronext Amsterdam exchange. Sawiris also owns 5% of cement giant Lafarge Holcim, and 7% of Adidas. This year his estimated net-worth is $6.9 billion.

NAGUIB SAWIRIS

Chairman of orascom telecom media&technology & Chairman of weather Investments.

Naguib Sawiris is the billionaire founder and Chairman of Orascom Telecom Me- dia and Technology Holdings. He also owns the holding company, Weather Investments, and is the majority share- holder of television channel Euronews and Gemini Real Estates Ltd, a consor- tium constructing the touristic devel- opment project, Ayia Napa marina in Cyprus. In 2017 he founded El Gouna Film Festival, whose first edition was a great success.

YOUSSEF MANSOUR
Chairman of the mansour Group

Youssef Mansour is the eldest brother and the part owner of the family business, the Mansour Group. He is responsible for the consumer goods division of the Group, which includes Egypt’s largest supermarket chain, Metro, as well Kheir Zaman, Laban- ita, Hayat water, and tobacco brands Davi- doff and Gauloises. Mansour was assigned as Chairman of Mansour Holding Company for Financial Investments from 1992 to date. Youssef Mansour is also accredited for being one of the founding members of the American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt.

MOHAMED MANSOUR
Board member of mansour Group, Chairman of mantrac and man capital

Mohamed Mansour is an owner and board member of Mansour Group and is the chairman for Mantrac, one of the major distributors for Caterpillar, with partnerships in Iraq, Russia, and six coun- tries in Africa. The company is also one of the biggest General Motors distribu- tors worldwide. Mansour founded Man- capital, the Mansour Group’s investment company, in London and acts as its CEO. Infinity Solar, a subsidiary of the Group acquired TAQA Solar this year.

YASSIN MANSOUR
Vice Chairman of mansour Group

Yassin Mansour is part owner and Vice Chairman of Mansour Group, a business empire and one of the larg- est private sector conglomerates in the Middle East and Africa. Mansour is the founder and chairman of the publicly- traded Palm Hills Developments, one of Egypt’s biggest real estate developers, which recently partnered with the Min- istry of Housing to build a new techno- logical city in 6th of October City. Man- sour is also the founder of Manfoods which owns McDonalds in Egypt.

SAMIH SAWIRIS
Chairman & Ceo of orascom Development Holding

Samih Sawiris founded Orascom De- velopment, which builds and oper- ates resorts in Egypt, Montenegro, and Switzerland. In 2015 the company sold 15% of its subsidiary, Orascom Hotels & Development, on the Egyptian stock ex- change. Sawiris is famous for founding the popular El Gouna resort town on the Red Sea. He also owns nearly 10% of construction giant, Orascom Construc- tion Industries. This year, Sawiris hosted the 1st edition of El Gouna Film Festival in El Gouna with his brother Naguib.

AHMED ABOU HASHIMA
Chairman & Ceo of egyptian Steel Group and managing Director and vice Chairman of Fe Steel

Ahmed Abou Hashima is the major- ity shareholder in Egyptian Steel, which owns several iron and steel factories. His influence has been growing since he founded the Egyptian Media company and acquired El Youm 7 (7th Day) news- paper and satellite TV channel ONTV. Abou Hashima appears to be the go to businessman which the government turns to when they need something done behind the scenes.

HAMED EL CHIATY
Chairman & Ceo of travco Group International Holding

El Chiaty is the Chairman and CEO of Travco Group International Holding, the most prominent travel group in the Middle East. The company owns the in- ternational hotel chains, Steigenberger Hotels, AG, and the hospitality manage- ment company, Jaz Collection, which manages a growing portfolio of 46 hotels and resorts across Egypt and the Middle East. El Chiaty is also the developer of Almaza, an exclusive luxury resort com- pound on Egypt’s north coast.

AHMED EL SEWEDY
President & Ceo of elsewedy electric Company

Ahmed El Sewedy is President and CEO of one of the biggest compa- nies in the Middle East and is one of the wealthiest Arab men in the world. Along with his brother Sadek, Ahmed runs Elsewedy Electric Com- pany, an Egyptian manufacturing conglomerate that sells integrated energy products and services in seven energy segments.

MANSOUR AMER
FOUNDER AMER HOLDINGS

As the founder of Amer Group Hold- ings, Mansour Amer is responsible for the numerous ‘Porto’ real es- tate developments in Egypt’s North Coast, Cairo and Sokhna. This year, the company started implementation of the third phase of Porto Matrouh. Amer is engaged in negotiations with Minister Sahar Nasr to establish a rec- reational investment area, Porto Said, on an area of 76 acres. He has also expressed readiness to establish a new ‘Porto’ in the development of West Nikhela in Marsa Matrouh .

HASSAN DORRA
Chairman of Dorra Group & man- aging Director of Construction & reconstruction engineering Company

Hassan Dorra has reshaped and restruc- tured Dorra Group since taking over from his father. Dorra’s latest project includes the expansion of the Capital Business Center in Sheikh Zayed. Dorra is also in the process of launching a new urban project in the new Zayed City area on a total area of 250 acres as part of its plan to expand its real estate in- vestment activity.

MOHAMED MOHSEN SALAH 
PRESIDENT, ARAB CONTRACTORS

As President of the Arab Contractors, the giant contracting company, Eng. Mohsen Salah works closely with Ma- jor General Kamel Wazir in the imple- mentation of the government’s major infrastructure projects. These projects include the completed new Suez Ca- nal, the New Administrative Capital and the Suez Canal Tunnels, as well as many of the road projects being built all over the country.

MOHAMED FARID KHAMIS
Founder of oriental weavers Group

Mohamed Farid Khamis established Oriental Weavers Group in 1978, which is now one of the largest man- ufacturers of carpets in the world. The group has manufacturing facili- ties in three countries and distrib- utes its products to more than 130 countries worldwide. Khamis is now the head of The Egyptian Federation of Investors.

SALAH DIAB
Founder of PICo and Al masry Al Youm

Founder of PICo and Al masry Al Youm Salah Diab is the Founder and Chairman of PICO, the largest agricultural producer in Egypt and has large investments in oil, gas and the hospitality sector. In 2004, he established the leading independent Egyptian newspa- per, Al Masry Al Youm (Egypt To- day), which is one of the country’s most influential publications.

TAREK NOUR
Founder & Chairman at tarek nour Holdings

Founder & Chairman at tarek nour Holdings Through three decades as Egypt’s leading advertising agency, Nour Holdings has expanded to be- come the largest marketing com- munications group in the Mid- dle East. In 2008, the company completed a high-profile merger with DDB Communications that allowed it to maintain a firm grip on the market. Nour is also the owner of the TV channel, Al Qa- hera Wal Nas.

RAOUF GHABBOUR
Chairman & Ceo of GB Auto Raouf Ghabbour

Chairman & Ceo of GB Auto Raouf Ghabbour is the Chairman and CEO of GB Auto. GB Auto is the leading automotive assembler, manufacturer and distributor in North Africa and the Mid- dle East. He transformed his company from the sole Egyptian assembler and distributor of Hyundai passenger cars into a diversified group that assembles, manufactures and distributes cars, buses, trucks, motorcycles, tuktuks, tires and more. Ghabbour now controls 96% of the Chinese car market in Egypt.

MOHAMED EL SEWEDY
Chairman of elsewedy electrical Solutions

Mohamed El Sewedy manages the leading manufacturer of integrated cables and elec- trical products in the Middle East, provid- ing integrated energy solutions to a diverse range of sectors. He is also Chairman of the Federation of Egyptian Industries and a member of Egypt’s Parliament who heads the Industrial Committee. In 2017 he be- came head of the Support Egypt coalition.

SADEK EL SEWEDY
Chairman of elsewedy electric Company

Sadek El Sewedy is the Chairman of Elsewedy Electric Company, the leading cables and electrical products manufactur- er in the Middle East. The company spe- cialises in providing integrated energy so- lutions in sectors such as wires and cables, transformers, telecommunication, energy management, turnkey projects, electrical products and wind energy generation.

ALAA SABA
Co-Founder & Chairman of Beltone Financial

As co-founder and chairman of Beltone Financial, a leading regional financial ser- vice institution, Alaa Saba ensures the company’s investments, asset manage- ment and equity research are up to inter- national standards. He’s also a co-founder of Hermes Financial, which has become a leading investment bank in Egypt.

MAHMOUD EL GAMMAL
Founder & Ceo of Galala Development Company

Mahmoud El Gammal is the owner of Galala Development Company. The business leader made a name for him- self through various large-scale invest- ments in projects such as Al Ain Resort and Al Ain Bay in Sokhna, as well as Hacienda Bay on the North Coast. He is also the founder of New Giza, a huge real estate development in 6th October.

AHMED HEIKAL
Chairman & Founder of Qalaa Holdings

Ahmed Heikal is the Chairman and co-founder of Qalaa Holdings, a leading investment company in Africa and the Middle East. Qalaa subsidiary ECARU, embarked on a solid waste manage- ment operation in Egypt where waste is gathered to produce energy alternatives and compost for agricultural purposes. The model is now imple- mented in eight countries. Qalaa is also working on implementing two solar power plants in Egypt.

KARIM SAMI SAAD
Chairman of Samcrete Development

Karim Saad is the son of Sami Saad, the founder of Sami Saad Holding-Samcrete. Samcrete is an integrated engineering, con- struction and development company for the public and private sector, which cooperates with leading global companies. Under Saad’s leadership, Samcrete is currently working on Pyramids Heights, a landmark project at the heart of 6th of October city.

KARIM AWAD
Ceo & Board member at eFG Hermes

Karim Awad is CEO and a board member of EFG Hermes, the leading investment bank in the Arab world. EFG Hermes has operations in eight countries serving re- gional and global clients. As CEO of EFG Hermes, Awad manages a total worth of EGP 14.2 billion in company assets.

HISHAM EL KHAZINNDAR
Co-Founder & managing Director of Qalaa Holdings

As co-founder and Managing Director of Qalaa Holdings, a leading investment firm in Africa and the Middle East, Hisham El Khaz- indar is a leading investment banker. Qalaa controls investments in excess of $9.5 billion in mining, energy, logistics, agri-food and building materials industries. El Khazindar recently joined the Institute of National Plan- ning representing the private sector.

HISHAM EZZ AL-ARAB
Chairman of Commercial International Bank

Chairman & managing Director of Commercial International Bank Since 2002, Hisham Ezz Al-Arab has served as Chairman and Managing Di- rector of CIB, Egypt’s largest private sector bank. With over 187 branches across the country, CIB manages over LE 187 billion. CIB was named Best Bank in the Middle East by Euromoney in 2017.

HASSAN ABDULLAH
Ceo & vice Chairman at AAIB

Abdallah is currently the Chief Execu- tive Officer and Vice Chairman of Arab African International Bank, an interna- tional bank based in Egypt, with a net- work of branches in Lebanon and across the GCC.This year, AAIB established a company for small and micro enterprises providing them with loans as part of the bank’s efforts to promote financial inclusion.

MOHAMED EL ERIAN
Chief economic Adviser at Allianz Se

Mohamed El Erian is the Chief Economic Adviser at Allianz SE. Allianz SE is the leading international service provider, which offers products and solutions in in- surance and asset management to over 75 million customers worldwide. He is also the former CEO and co-chief investment officer of PIMCO and is a regular con- tributor to CNN and the Financial Times.

NEAMAT SHAFIK
President of the London School of economics

Nemat Shafik became the first-ever fe- male deputy governor of the Bank of England in August 2014. Often dubbed ‘the most powerful woman in London’, Shafik was included in Forbes 2016 Most Powerful Arab Women list. On the 1st of September, 2017, Shafik became Presi- dent of the London School of Economics.

ASSEM ALLAM
Owner of Allam marine

Allam Marine, in Melton, is a global manufacturer and supplier of generators. In 2006, Assem Allam was awarded the United Kingdom’s Queen’s Award for Enterprise and was named the Ernst and Young UK Entrepreneur of the Year. In addition, Allam owns and chairs the pro- fessional Hull City Association Football Club, based in Hull, England

MOHAMED EL FAYED
Entrepreneur

Mohamed El Fayed is a business tycoon who owns The Ritz Ho- tel in the heart of Paris, ranked among the most prestigious and luxurious hotels in the world. He has recently turned his at- tention to online retail, buying U.K.-based discount fashion website, Cocosa, and a control- ling stake in Princess.

TAREK ABDEL MEGUID
Founding Partner and Head of Asset management of Perellaweinberg

Founding Partner and Head of Asset management of Perellaweinberg Partners Capital management LP
With over 25 years of experience in in- vestment banking, Tarek Abdel Meguid is a powerhouse in the finance world. He helped PWP become a leading in- dependent global financial services firm.

MUSTAFA ABDEL-WADOOD
Managing Partner of the Abraaj Group

Mustafa Abdel-Wadood is responsible for overseeing the Global Private Equity busi- ness of The Abraaj Group. The Abraaj Group is a global institution and is the leading private investment firm dedicated to Emerging Markets with offices in 20 countries. Abdel -Wadood currently man- ages in excess of $10 billion, primarily across targeted private equity strategies.

MAHMOUD MOHIELDIN
Senior vice President of the world Bank for the 2030 Development Agenda

Mohmoud Mohieldin is a leading economic fig- ure and was Egypt’s Minister of Investment until 2010. He is currently the Senior Vice President of The World Bank for the 2030 Development Agenda. The Agenda forms the new global devel- opment framework with sustainable development goals, covering economic growth, social develop- ment and environmental protection.

HATEM DOWIDAR
Ceo of etisalat International

Hatem Dowidar was appointed CEO of Etisalat International in June, 2016. Eti- salat is one of the world’s leading telecom groups, providing innovative solutions and services to 163 million subscribers in 17 countries across the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. Prior to joining Etisalat, Dow- idar was the chief of Vodafone Group in London.

HEND EL-SHERBINY
Ceo of International Diagnostic Holdings

Hend El-Sherbiny is CEO and major share- holder of International Diagnostic Hold- ings. She is a leader in her field and built her company from one lab to a company with 4,000 employees, 290 branches and four central labs across the Middle East. With the help of Abraaj Group , she led her company to an IPO on the London Stock Exchange that put its value at $668 million.

MAGDI YACOUB
Heart Surgeon and Founder of Chain of Hope Foundation

Sir Magdi Yacoub is a pioneer heart surgeon and a professor at the National Heart and Lung Institute and Imperial College of London. He founded the Chain of Hope Foundation and the Magdi Yacoub Heart Foundation in Aswan, offering free health services and heart surgeries of the highest standards to the underprivileged. In 2017 Yacoub performed several heart sur- geries for free in Ethiopia and Egypt.